RCR Treatable Wastes

The plant accepts all forms of unsorted municipal solid waste.

The plant can accept medical waste. 325ºF (160ºC) steam at 65 minutes is more than triple the requirements for instrument sterility in hospitals. Toxic organic compounds are rendered harmless and there are no emissions from the process.

Grass clippings, agricultural waste and food waste are accepted at the plant and because it is pure cellulose material, post treatment and reduction become feedstock for ethanol or as fibre.

Sewage screenings are accepted at the plant. Other processed sewage may be acceptable subject to be further assessment by RCR. This material represents a difficult disposal issue and has to either be incinerated or disposed to controlled landfill. Principally pure cellulose they can be introduced to the autoclave and are easily converted to fibre, indistinguishable from the fibre derived from the organic fraction existing with in the MSW stream.

Batteries are either removed by visual inspection or extracted after processing. Car batteries are shipped to appropriate recycling centers, smaller disposable batteries are extracted for further disposal to a controlled landfill. On average, there are 28 tonnes of batteries in every 100,000 tonnes of MSW that equates to around 100 tonnes of batteries produced annually by the disposable batteries and the Company is happy to consider this option based upon consultation with Montenegro and a more in-depth analysis of supply. Disposable battery recycling tends to be cost-negative and would affect the net waste treatment and disposal costs to Montenegro since there are misconceived public perceptions that the quality, output or longevity of such products is in some way inferior to new products.

Oversized items, large items that cannot be placed into your garbage barrel, including appliances, furniture, mattresses, lamps, bikes, chairs, tables, swing sets (disassembled), plastic pools, barbecue grills carpets and the like are removed in front end processing. A tulip grab is located on the tipping floor and all waste is visually inspected before being sent to the autoclaves. Appliances are fragmentized safely removing all CFC gasses, polystyrene, plastics and rubber while the metal is shredded and all recovered elements are combined with similar recovered materials for off-site sale and reuse.

Deconstruction of end of use Tires – using RCR’s proprietary sophisticated high temperature multi -microwave technology the huge volume of waste tires can be quickly deconstructed and reverted to their original components, typically producing :

Biproduct %
Diesel fuel 25%
Quality Steel 20%
Synthesis Gas 15%
Carbon Black. 40%

In context around 100 tires equate to one ton. A rule of thumb to use is that on average there is one end of use tire per capita per annum. 1 car tire produces 1.2 US gallons of No. 4 fuel Oil; it also produces 50 cubic feet of synthesis gas @ 1,100 BTU. So 1,000 tires would produce 50,000 cubic feet of gas x 1,100 BTU = 55,000,000 BTU or 55 decatherms @ $10 per decatherm = US$ 550 per hour of operation.

The same tire produces 1kg of clean steel and 3.85kgs of carbon black – both saleable for added value. The actual energy requirement of for the deconstruction of tires and plastics is 280kW/hr per tonne – so minimal in terms of the parasitic load and the energy generating capability of the RCR plant as a whole.

The proposed facility will be capable of handling up to 1,000 tires an hour and will also be used to convert waste non-recyclable plastics to No 4 fuel oil as well. Thus the proposed plant, may if the Country felt it appropriate offer to neighboring counties the facility to dispose of their end of life tires – thus boosting fuel generation and revenue for the Country.

The technology is already licensed in North America and capable of being delivered to the County. It involves an in-feed conveyor, a sophisticated, high powered shredding machine in which the tires are fed between two sets of cutters, which cut up the tires into small fragments – less than 10cms (4 inches) squares that renders them into a continuous supply feedstock. These squares enter a high powered specialized microwave that operates under a soft vacuum to that spontaneous combustion does not occur when the tire shreds are heated by the microwave. The tire chips are bombarded with target specific microwave frequency in the form of molecular vibrations, which causes the cracking of the hydrocarbon chain. The reactor chamber is tumbled to allow complete penetration by the microwaves.

Waste Oil Re-refining – Oil does not wear out it simply gets dirty – Re-refining and reusing waste lubricants, motor and automotive oils is environmentally friendly, compliant and economical due to increasing costs of both oil and disposal. It is the intention of this proposal that specialist vehicle will be provided for the segregated collection of used oil from restaurants, garages and the like so that it can be processed and recovered for reuse.

Vacuum distillation will ensure producers can consistently re-refine used lubricant oils to their original condition with minimal degradation. Since the distillation occurs under high vacuum in our short path evaporator, the biodiesel product is exposed to 500-575 °F temperatures for just seconds avoiding product degradation. Typically, up to 85% of the waste oil feed is distilled overhead and recovered. The remaining 15% is black, heavy slurry consisting of oil additives originally blended with the oil as well as metallic and carbon impurities. This slurry quickly solidifies at ambient temperature, and can subsequently be sold as a by-product. The distilled oil must undergo post treatment to remove mercaptans and free radicals before it can be blended with an additive package. The oil is now ready for reuse or sale.

A complete modular system will be installed at every RCR STAG Recursive Recycling Plant and RCR will work with local collection companies to collect waste and used oils from garages and specialist outlets. The plant is designed to handle a whole range of other materials that arise in the ordinary course of any day. This proven technology will be included in each plant and given its modular design can be expanded if volumes of materials requiring this type of treatment are evident in the municipal waste stream or from local businesses or industries

Hazardous Household Wastes (HHW)

The same process plant can compliantly process all household hazardous waste (HHW) materials. HHW can be processed and converted to various beneficial products. The technology employed by RCR are mature and certified. It is intended that RCR would need to more critically assess the characteristics of Montenegro’s HHW stream. Capital costs Company and included in a comprehensive business plan.

Hazardous Industrial Wastes

The system is designed to carry out deodorization, distillation, reboiling, concentration, solvent recovery and stripping. The same equipment is ideally suited to process hard-to-handle, heat sensitive and viscous materials such as:

Fats and Oil: cotton seed oil, dimmer and trimer acids, edible oils, fatty acids, glycerides, glycerin, mineral oils, paraffin, rosin acids, tall oil, fatty amides and palm oil.

Coal tar products: dyestuffs, fire retardants, rubber coatings, paint wash solvents, lube oils, pitch petroleum wax, pyrethreum, PTA, catalyst concentration (2-EH)

Chemicals: acid chlorides, amino-acid, bisphenol, caprolactam, chlorinated hydrocarbons, cumene hydrogen peroxide, acetic acid, dimethyl sulfoxide, dioctyl phthalate, dyes, ethanolamines,, glycols, insecticides, petroleum sulfonates, plasticizers, urea, solvents, acrylates, isocyanates, herbicides, EPDM silocone oils.

Polymers and Resins: epoxy resins, latex, sythentic rubber, polystyrene, phenolic resins, adhesives, resin co-polymers, silicone polymers, urethane pre-polymers and styrene monomer.

Food processing industry: it will process toma to paste, fruit nectars, chicken stock, fish proteins, vanillin, corn syrup, whey, fruit purees, lecithin, marigold extract and milk solids. From the pharmaceutical industry amino acids, alkaloids, ascorbic acid, biochemicals, penicillin, Vitamin e, Vitamin C and steroid derivates.

E-Waste and E-scrap recycling:

RCR will incorporate within the system a sorting device designed to identify colors, shapes and metals from bulk solids. The metal sensor is combined with a color camera. The high spatial resolution in conjunction with precise color measurement enables sorting complex material streams of used electrical devices and the recovery of nonferrous metals with a high purity. It has been perfected to detect the following:

  • Printed circuit boards
  • Metal recovery
  • Plastics recovery
  • Stainless steel
  • Removal of scorched granulates / contaminants

Non-ferrous metal processing

  • Recovery of highly valuable metals
  • Copper recovery
  • Brass recovery
  • Aluminum cleaning
  • Removal of glass

Cable recycling

Separation of copper, aluminum and lead by color contaminants removal

Automobile Defragmentization and Recycling

Based on high-resolution x-ray transmission image processing, the sorting machine uses dry-mechanic techniques to separate materials and waste streams based on specific atomic density. This innovation opens new frontiers in efficient processing of recovered valuable materials.


Automobile recycling

  • Removal of heavy metals from aluminum
  • Removal of PVC, bromine and contaminants from SLF for RDF production

CRT glass

  • Separation of panel (containing barium) and funnel glass (containing lead oxide)
  • Раздвајање панела (садржи баријум) и

Commercial and industrial waste (C & I) / household waste

  • Organic/anorganic separation

RDF production / waste to energy

  • Removal of PVC and bromine from fuel products
  • Production of high-caloric fuel
  • Removal of PVC, bromine and contaminants from RDF

Additional fields

  • Metal recycling, slag processing, mixed waste etc.
  • Removal of PCB and halogenated parts from plastics, meeting WEEE specifications